The White House announced an ambitious plan to build the world’s fastest supercomputer, a machine capable of speeds far beyond technology’s current reach. An executive order, issued by President Barack Obama on July 29, establishes the formation of the National Strategic Computing Initiative (NSCI), a multi-agency effort designed to maximize the benefits of high-performance and exascale computing in the areas of science discovery and economic competitiveness. By 2025, the U.S. government will aim to create a machine capable of performing a quintillion operations per second, or one exaflop, roughly 30 times faster than today’s most powerful supercomputer. Currently, the U.S. has the second-fastest machine in the world “Titan”, a Department of Energy supercomputer that runs at more than 17 quadrillion operations per second. This initiative (NSCI) will coordinate efforts across multiple federal agencies, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).