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科技部新聞稿:社會變遷調查研究 臺灣三十年社會變化

      科技部自1984年推動「臺灣社會變遷基本調查計畫」,歷經34年的調查研究(5年一期,目前為第七期),成功完成訪問的樣本人數累積達12萬5千多人,已成為全世界總樣本數最大的綜合社會調查之一。透過長期分析臺灣民眾的行為、態度、價值觀,呈現臺灣社會長期變遷趨勢,例如:「結婚後應該住在哪裡?」、「傳統家庭生兒育女的觀點」等議題。此外,也參與跨國合作計畫,接軌國際學界、拓展國際視野。

 

      「臺灣社會變遷基本調查計畫」由行政院國家科學委員會(2014年3月改制為科技部)人文及社會科學發展處(現為人文司)資助進行,定期在全臺灣透過戶籍資料執行抽樣調查,推論與分析臺灣民眾的行為、態度、價值觀,累積呈現臺灣社會長期變遷趨勢。本計畫由已故的國科會人文處處長華嚴教授,以及當時兼任國科會研究員的葉啟政教授共同創始推動,第一期計畫在1984至1985年進行,由國立臺灣大學心理學系及中央研究院民族學研究所研究員楊國樞教授主持。第二期從1990年開始,每期計畫5年,先後由瞿海源、章英華、張苙雲、傅仰止擔任主持人,至2017年為止,合計已完成60份主題問卷調查。

 

      「變遷調查」訪問主題涵蓋家庭、教育、社會階層與社會流動、政治文化、傳播、文化價值、宗教、人際關係及社會網絡等多面向。由於研究設計安排是每隔5年收集相同主題、問法相同的問卷資料,調查結果能供應探究臺灣社會各面向主要變遷。2015年起進入第七期調查,得以累積7個時間點的資料。至2017年底為止,本計畫成功完成訪問的樣本人數累積達12萬5千多人,成為全世界總樣本數最大的綜合社會調查之一。自1984年進行第一期計畫以來,本計畫所收集的資料均全面公開,提供學界研究分析,而學者運用此一公共資料庫撰寫的學術論述質量也逐年提升,成為學界珍貴的公共財。至2018年10月底為止,利用本計畫資料發表的學術論著至少已累積約一千九百多(本)篇。

 

      變遷調查從2002年起參加「國際社會調查計畫」(International Social Survey Programme,簡稱ISSP,參見www.issp.org),每年和全世界三、四十個國家同步進行調查。另外從2006年起也與其他會員共同創設「東亞社會調查」(East Asian Social Survey,簡稱EASS,參見www.eassda.org),每2年進行一次共同主題調查。變遷調查除了探究本土社會長期變遷,也進行跨國合作計畫,接軌國際學界。運用本計畫資料所發表的著作也逐漸在國際重要學術期刊上出版,讓臺灣社會科學研究在國際學界展露光芒!

 

研究成果聯絡人

傅仰止特聘研究員  中央研究院社會學研究所

電話:02-2652-5150

Email:fuyc@sinica.edu.tw

 

Taiwan Social Change Survey: Continuities and Changes in Taiwan since 1985

 

    Taiwan has witnessed profound social changes since the lift of martial law in the 1980s. The Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS) tracks the long-term trends of these changes and provides insight into them through national representative survey data on various topics.

 

    In the early 1980s, the National Science Council initiated the idea of archiving baseline information about Taiwanese society by surveying the general adult population through rigorous sampling designs. The result has been an interdisciplinary research project that reveals Taiwan's political, economic, social, and cultural changes, all through carefully designed questionnaire interviews. Since the first nation-wide survey completed in 1984-1985, this long-term, cross-sectional survey project has followed 5-year cycles that rotate selective modules in order to capture the time-series of social changes. As of 2017, the TSCS has accumulated 60 surveys. Many of these surveys carry repetitive modules that have run through up to five cycles of survey operations, which enable researchers to further understand social change from longitudinal perspectives. With approximately 125,000 face-to-face interviews completed over the past 30 years, the TSCS has become one of the largest survey series among all of the general social surveys in the world.[1]

 

    The TSCS has been based at the Academia Sinica, jointly operated by the Institute of Sociology and the Center for Survey Research. All survey data have been archived in both institutes and are available for free and instant download from their respective websites to the general public. Through this generous policy of data release, scholars and students have been able to employ the data for their research and have made significant contributions to the scholarly world. As of the end of October 2018, TSCS data had been the basis for at least 597 conference papers, 627 journal articles, 187 book chapters, 436 master's theses, and 52 doctoral dissertations.

 

    In addition to following the data release policy and an open-door policy that asks for survey modules and items from domestic scholars, the TSCS team also cooperates with the international community in designing international comparative surveys. In 1996, the TSCS participated in a three-society, comparative survey project with China and South Korea. Since 2002, the TSCS has been an active member of the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), having served in questionnaire drafting groups, various method groups, the Methodology Committee, and the Standing Committee. In 2003, TSCS launched the East Asian Social Survey (EASS), along with the Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS) and the Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), which also included the Chinese General Social Survey and became a major regional survey project.   (by Yang-chih Fu and Ying-hwa Chang)

 

[1] Smith, T.W., Kim, J., Koch, A., & Park, A. (2006). “Social Science Research and the General Social Surveys.” Comparative Sociology 5(1), 33-43.

 

Media Contact

Yang-chih Fu

Distinguished Research Fellow

Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica

Tel: +886(2)2652 5149

Fax: +886(2)2652 5050

fuyc@sinica.edu.tw

 

Tzy-Yeuan Hung

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, MOST

+886-2737-7269

ty1hung2@most.gov.tw

 

(左起)中央研究院社會學研究所特聘研究員傅仰止、科技部人文司司長鄭毓瑜、中央研究院社會學研究所副研究員林宗弘於記者會現場合影

更新日期 : 2019/01/23