The Mission and Policy of MOST in International Cooperation
In recent years, the Republic of China (R.O.C.) on Taiwan has evolved from a "developing country" into a "newly industrialized nation." As a result, Taiwan is now the world's 3rd largest country in IT (information technology) industry, and 4th largest country in semiconductor industry. Academically, Taiwan enjoys favorable ratings in number of paper publications: 18th by the Science Citation and 11th by the Engineering Index. Each nation prioritizes international cooperation in science and technology owing to the following: 1. The interflow and complement of knowledge and capability will elevate the S&T level; 2. Interdisciplinary research topics require regional or global cooperative ties, such as environmental protection, global change, hazards mitigation, earth sciences and arctic research; 3. Certain research areas require tremendous amounts of manpower, monetary investment and equipment that not every country can afford and develop, such as high-energy physics, nuclear fusion, space research, oceanography, new generation chip technology, human genome, and prevention of chronic diseases; 4. The research and standardization of a certain industrial technology require international cooperation; 5. International collaboration facilitates governments in attaining specific goals such as assisting developing countries to solve their problems and to raise their standard of living; and 6. Following the integration of a global economy, regional cooperation in science and technology has become increasingly important. European Union (EU) and Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) have separately prioritized such collaboration. Maintaining both academic and industrial competitiveness and following such a development trend necessitates that Taiwan's science and technology level is upgraded. Therefore, the ROC's governmental policies actively encourage innovative technology development and enhance competitiveness through international cooperation.
Mission and Policy ---
The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) is a cabinet-level organization of the ROC primarily to manage research and development affairs in science and technology. Major missions of the MOST include promoting national science and technology development, supporting academic research and developing science-based industrial parks. The policy and strategy of the MOST's international cooperation are as follows:
1. Elevate S&T capabilities and industrial competitiveness through bilateral or multilateral cooperative ties with industrialized countries;
2. Sponsor our researchers to participate in international activities;
3. Actively participate in global research projects such as Global Change, and International Decade for National Hazard Reduction;
4. Strengthen S&T collaboration with newly industrialized countries;
5. Assist developing countries to promoting science and technology;
6. Promote S&T cooperation and trade with APEC members such as the United States, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations;
7. Foster cooperative relations between our national laboratories and research institutes abroad; and
8. Promote international cooperation by implementing the Honorable Visiting Program, the Short-term Visiting Program and Program for International Seminars.