MOST Strategies and Mechanisms for International Cooperation
The Department of International Cooperation (DIC) serves as the window for international scientific cooperation within the MOST. To carry out this important mandate, DIC relies on carefully formulated strategies and mechanisms designed to promote cooperation.
DIC makes use of a number of different strategies to efficiently carry out international scientific cooperation. These strategies include resource integration; planning and promotion; enhancement of key scientific areas; simplification of relevant procedures; prioritizing subsidies; and expanding contacts (Figure I).
Mechanisms --- DIC supports international cooperation through two different systems of operation (Figure II). One system relies upon relationships established with foreign funding agencies or research institutes to promote bilateral research visits, support joint research projects and fund joint seminars. The other system is used to fund unilateral subsidy programs, which may be freely applied for by academic scientists or research experts with Taiwan citizenship.
To promote international academic exchanges, the MOST annually sponsors Taiwanese scholars to attend international conferences abroad, invites distinguished scholars and policy makers to visit Taiwan, funds scholars from abroad to deliver lectures or technical instruction in Taiwan, and sponsors international seminars held in Taiwan. In addition, DIC helps domestic scientists team up with foreign scientists to participate in large-scale international research programs. Research teams have participated in multi-national projects involving the use of costly, sophisticated, large-scale equipment. Furthermore, in line with the growing trend towards regional cooperation, research teams have also taken part in regional activities promoted by international organizations or regional groups. In the near future, DIC will implement cooperation work using a two pronged approach. First, DIC will establish a broad spectrum of exchange channels and cooperation mechanisms with its international counterparts, which will be open for application by Taiwanese academics. Secondly by evaluating and planning mission-oriented activities to support and develop large or integrated research projects (R.P.) (Figure III).